Causes of nail fungus
Nail fungus is caused by a fungal infection that enters the nail complex, either by penetrating through the nail plate itself or infecting the skin underneath the nail plate (nail bed).
Fungi thrive in warm, moist environments so sweaty feet and poor foot hygiene are factors that can make you more prone to tinea and fungal toenail infection.
Trauma is often a common overlooked factor involved in fungal toenail infections as it can cause lifting of the nail plate from the bed, allowing easy entry for fungal spores.
Nail fungus diagnosis
Nail fungus or onychomycosis is usually easily diagnosed clinically by our Melbourne podiatrists, who are experts in identifying nail conditions of the foot without the need for further tests. If our podiatrists are unsure of the presence of nail fungus then they may elect to take a nail sample and sent it to pathology to confirm diagnosis.
Podiatry treatment for fungal toenails
Our Melbourne podiatrists are experts in diagnosis of fungal toenails and can advise you on how to best treat nail fungus. Podiatry treatment can involve recommendation of topical anti-fungal solutions, oral medication or PACT photodynamic nail fungus treatment.
The keys to preventing fungal toenail infections are good foot hygiene and good footwear to help prevent nail trauma and damage. Orthotics can also help prevent nail damage from biomechanical factors.
For more information on treatment please visit our services page on nail fungus treatment.
NB. There are many other nail conditions that can mimic nail fungus so thorough consultation and accurate diagnosis with one of our podiatrists is vital before any self treatment.